NH Foliage Tree Guide
There are something like 70 natives tree species found in the wild in New Hampshire. The exact number is hard to state because some species are more commonly found in a shrub form, others are rare, and some can be distinguished from each other by only the most determined tree experts.
The following criteria were used to determine inclusion on this list:
- Native to at least part of New Hampshire. (Some may be uncommon).
- Capable of growing to at least 20 feet.
- Must, at least on occasion, grow as single-stem specimens. Some of the species listed are more commonly found in the shrub form.
Species are split into softwood and hardwood groupings. Within those broad groups, species are broken into genus. The genus are listed in alphabetical order by the generic common name. The species appear within the generic grouping by the common name most often used. Other common names are given for many of the species as well.
northern white cedar, arborvitae
tamarack, eastern larch
eastern white pine, red pine, pitch pine, jack pine
black spruce, red spruce, white spruce
white ash, black ash, green ash
yellow birch, sweet birch, black birch, river birch, paper birch, white birch, heartleaf birch, gray birch
black cherry, pin cherry, fire cherry, chokecherry
flowering dogwood, alternate leaf dogwood
American elm, slippery elm
blackgum, black tupelo
dotted hawthorn, downy hawthorn, scarlet hawthorn, golden-fruited hawthorn, Brainerd's hawthorn, broad-leaved hawthorn, frosted hawthorn, fan-leaved hawthorn
bitternut hickory, red hickory, shagbark hickory, pignut hickory
American hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood
boxelder, black maple, striped maple, moosewood maple, red maple, white maple, swamp maple, soft maple, silver maple, sugar maple, rock maple, hard maple, mountain maple
American mountain ash, showy mountain ash
northern red oak, scarlet oak, pin oak, black oak, white oak, swamp white oak, chestnut oak, bur oak
eastern cottonwood, balsam poplar, bigtooth aspen, quaking aspen, trembling aspen, popple
downy serviceberry, smooth serviceberry
American sycamore, planetree, buttonwood
nannyberry, wild raisin
black walnut, butternut, white walnut