New Hampshire historical marker number: 233
Date established: 2013 in Carroll.
Location: Route 302 and Zealand Road.
What the sign says: “Zealand and James Everell Henry.
“The village of Zealand grew up in 1875 to serve the logging industry. Henry owned 10,000 acres in the heart of the White Mtns., with a 10-mile railroad to move logs from forest to sawmill. The village had a post office, school, store, housing, and charcoal kilns to eke out every bit of forest value. Depending on the season, the logging business employed 80 – 250 men. By 1885, Henry left the Valley moving on to Lincoln, leaving the area mostly clear cut. From 1886-1903, fires destroyed the valley and village.”
The back story: Zealand is not the only village to rise and fall with the lumber industry. A number of other small villages across the White Mountains region also were abandoned when their timber resources were depleted. Historical markers point out the locations of three others, in Bethlehem, Easton and Littleton.
Source: New Hampshire Department of Cultural Resources.